- Author : National Research Council Staff
- Publsiher : National Academy Press
- Release : 19 May 2021
- ISBN : UOM:39015062534741
- Page : 377 pages
- Rating : 4/5 from 21 voters
Download or read online book entitled Oil Spill Dispersants written by National Research Council Staff and published by National Academy Press. This book was released on 19 May 2021 with total page 377 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Get best books that you want by click Get Book Button and Read as many books as you like. Book Excerpt : Approximately 3 million gallons of oil or refined petroleum products are spilled into U.S. waters every year. Oil dispersants (chemical agents such as surfactants, solvents, and other compounds) are used to reduce the effect of oil spills by changing the chemical and physical properties of the oil. By enhancing the amount of oil that physically mixes into the water, dispersants can reduce the potential that a surface slick will contaminate shoreline habitats. Although called for in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 as a tool for minimizing the impact of oil spills, the use of chemical dispersants has long been controversial. This book reviews the adequacy of existing information and ongoing research regarding the effectiveness of dispersants as an oil spill response technique, as well as the effect of dispersed oil on marine and coastal ecosystems. Oil Spill Dispersants also includes recommended steps for policy makers faced with making hard choices regarding the use of dispersants as part of spill contingency planning efforts or during actual spills.